Writer: R. STEPHEN HUMPHREYS
Published Year: 2006
Publisher: Oneworld Publications
Size: 2 MB
Muawiyah I (Arabic: معاوية ابن أبي سفيان; Transliteration: Muʻāwīya ibn ʼAbī Sufyān; 602–680) was the first Caliph of the Umayyad Dynasty. In Sunni Islam, he is perceived as having his life divided in two parts. During his first part, he was as one of the staunchest enemies of Muhammad(sm) and of Islam. After all, after the Battle of Badr, Muawiya was the heir-apparent to the pagan throne of Mecca, which was occupied by his father Abu Sufyan and mother Hind. After the defeat of his family, following the fall of Mecca in 8 AH, Muawiya converted to Islam and hence is regarded within Sunni Islam as a Sahabi (companion) of the Islamic prophet, Muhammad(sm). This is where the second part of Muawiyah's life starts. Also he was Katib Al-waḥi (scribe)– he later became a member of the Umayyad caliphate in Damascus.